The reality of Khatemiyat (finality of prophethood)

In the Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Merciful

mohammad_rasool_allah_by_syedasairanaqvi-d322c0uThe previous prophets (a.s.) had given glad tidings to their nations that the last Prophet will rise from Mecca. Hence, all believers whose hearts were pure were awaiting this promised Messenger. Moreover, right from the beginning of Islam, all Muslims considered the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a) as the FINAL PROPHET and knew Quran as the last of Allah’s books. This creed was inculcated in their hearts by the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) himself. Even today, the finality of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.)’s prophethood is a firm and unshakable belief of every Muslim.

(I) The Reality of Khatemiyat

Different Prophets (a.s.) were sent in different times by the order of Allah, conveying them His
message, teaching the method of worship and the way of life. Till Allah the Almighty, raised
the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), declared his religion as universal and perfected and completed it. As his
religion is perfect and complete, there is no need for any other Prophet who will do away with its
shortcomings and defects. Therefore, this religion is the final religion, the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) is
the final Prophet and the Holy Quran is the last heavenly book. The Holy Quran has mentioned
this reality in different places in different styles.

This is what the Holy Quran has to say on Khatemiyat
Islam is the strongest and most upright religion
“Surely this Quran guides to the path which is strongest.” (Bani Israel: 9)
Quran is a warner for everyone.
˜“It is naught but a reminder and an open Quran to warn whoever is alive.”

(Yasin: 68, 69)

c) Quran is for all humans.
“This is a message for all the people and that (people be) warned through it.”

(Ibrahim: 52)

d) The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) is raised for one and all.
“Say: O mankind! I am Allah’s messenger to all of you.”

(A’raaf: 158)

e) The Holy Prophet (s.a.) is the last Prophet.

“Muhammad is not the father of any man among you but he is the messenger of
Allah and the last of the Prophets.”

(Ahzaab: 40)

This verse is the most oft-quoted one in the discussion of Khatemiyat. Even if we overlook this
verse, the remaining verses are enough to prove the finality of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.)’s
prophethood. For, if Quran is a warner for one and all, Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) a messenger for
everybody and Islam a complete and perfect religion, then the need for a new law or new prophet
does not arise.

B) Traditions and Khatemiyat

a) Ahmed Ibn Hanbal narrates the following tradition of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) in his “Musnad”:

“Certainly, messengership and prophethood have come to an end. Thus,
there is neither a messenger after me nor a prophet.”
b) Ameerul Momineen Ali (a.s.) says in a sermon,
“With him, the messengers came to a halt and (the descent of) revelation
was terminated.”
(Nahjul Balagha, Sermon 134)
c) Imam Sadeq (a.s.) says,
“Indeed, all the books have been terminated with your book (the Holy
Quran) and with your Prophet (Muhammad s.a.) the Prophets’ (arrival) has
come to an end.” (Al-Kafi).
d) Imam Ali Reza (a.s.) says,
“The chief of the messengers, the last of the Prophets and the most superior
(creature) in the universe. There is no Prophet after him, there will be no
change in his religion and there will be no alteration in his shariah.”
{Behaar, vol. 65, p. 261, H. 20 narrating from Oyoono Akhabaar al-Reza (a.s.)}
e) Both Shia and Sunni traditionalists (like Shaykh Tabarsi of Majmaul Bayaan, Haakim

Neishapoori, Bukhari, Nesaai, Ibn Murduwayh, etc.) have narrated the following tradition that
the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said:

“The likeness between me and other Prophets (a.s.) is like that of a man who constructs a house and completes it in all respects but leaves the place for just one brick in it. Anyone who enters this house praises it and appreciates it’s architectural beauty but for one brick. Know that I am the last brick in the wonderful building of Prophethood. After me, this series (of Prophethood) will come to an end.”
On deliberating over these Quranic verses and traditions, it becomes amply clear for those who
possess intellect that the Holy Prophet (s.a.) is the last Prophet and there is no Prophet or Messenger after him.

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